Definition: Deep learning, a subset of machine learning, employs neural networks with many layers (hence "deep") to analyze various factors of data. Its strength lies in handling vast amounts of data and extracting intricate patterns.
Technique: It utilizes layers of algorithms called neural networks to analyze data in progressively higher levels of abstraction. For instance, in image recognition, initial layers might recognize edges, the next layer identifies shapes using those edges, and subsequent layers might recognize more complex structures.
Applications: It's widely applied in image and speech recognition, natural language processing, and even medical diagnosis. For instance, social media platforms use deep learning for tagging photos, and virtual assistants like Siri or Alexa use it to understand voice commands.